Heart-related ailments have become very common around the globe. They may be subjected to the sedentary lifestyle or hereditary conditions. Whatever may be the reason, a large number of heart surgeries are conducted every day to prevent patients from dying and being able to live a normal life. In a country like India, which is highly populated medical care still remains a matter of concern. Various medical institutes and research centres have been created in India to cater to the healthcare needs of the populace. Once such hospital, that has carved a niche in the field of cardiac-care and surgery in India is Apollo Hospital, Chennai. You can simply book an appointment in Apollo Hospital Chennai, through their website and get yourself or your dear ones the best cardiac treatment.
But as it is said, “prevention is better than cure” it would be wise to know about the heart diseases, what leads to their onset and what can be done to prevent them. Mentioned below is everything you must know about them –
Heart diseases and their possible risk factors
The term “heart disease” refers to various heart-related ailments. Some of the most common types of heart diseases that affect humans are coronary artery diseases, heart attacks, Atherosclerosis, Atrial fibrillation, congenital heart defects etc. Several health conditions, lifestyle habits, age and family history of heart diseases may increase the risk of getting a heart disease. Some of the risk factors contributing to the onset of heart diseases are high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels, diabetes, obesity, tobacco use, alcohol consumption, physical inactivity, etc.
Symptoms related to heart diseases
The symptoms usually depend upon the condition a patient is suffering from. However, some of the most common symptoms include breathlessness, pain in the chest and heart palpitations. Out of these chest pain (angina) is one of the most common symptoms associated with most of the heart diseases. Angina may be triggered by physical exertion, stressful events and may last for more than 10 minutes.
Preventing heart diseases –
Following steps must be inculcated in your lifestyle to keep your heart healthy and efficient –
Consuming a healthy diet – Consuming foods low in Trans, saturated fats, cholesterol and rich in fibre can help to prevent the occurrence of heart diseases. Also, limiting the amount of salt consumption can help to keep the blood pressure in check.
Checking your weight – Obesity is one of the major factors contributing to the onset of heart disease. In order to determine if your weight falls within a healthy range check your body mass index. In case, your weight does not fall within the healthy range you must start taking measures that can help you reduce weight.
Doing physical activity – To stay fit and healthy, it is very important that you exercise at least for 2 hours and 30 minutes a day. Moderate exercise, brisk walking and cycling can be some of the physical activities you can engage in.
Quitting smoking and alcohol consumption – Both smoking and alcohol are injurious to health. They not only increase the risk of cardiac health problems but also have a negative impact on other body organs. Quitting smoking and alcohol consumption can help you a long way in improving your overall health.
Treatment for heart diseases
Wide range of medicines is available to treat heart-related ailments. The medicines that are usually used include –
- Statins for lowering cholesterol
- Medicines to prevent blood clots
- Beta-blockers to treat conditions such as heart failure, heart attack and high blood pressure.
In case the condition becomes severe, surgical intervention may be required. The most common types of surgeries performed include angioplasty, coronary artery bypass surgery, surgeries to repair or replace faulty heart valves.
Heart disease affects the lives of many and there is an urgent need to raise awareness about these conditions. It is highly advisable that people inculcate healthy habits into their lives and stay safeguarded against heart disease. Also, timely diagnoses and the right treatment can help you to stay prevented from the condition. By booking an appointment in Apollo hospital in Chennai, you can be ensured of getting optimal healthcare and diagnostic facilities.